Takashi Nakao, Ph.D

Associate Professor
  • Department of Psychology, Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University
Research Interests:
  • Decision Making, Behavior Regulation, Social Cognition, Self-reference,
  • Resting state intrinsic barin activity
  • Self-reference effect, Mentalizing, Emotion, Consciousness,
  • Default mode network (DMN), Medial prefrontal cortex(MPFC), Anterior Cingulate Cortex(ACC)
  • fMRI, EEG, ERP, PDP

Professional Experience

Education

Publications - Articles in Scientific Journals

[Refereed]
  • Nakao, T., Kanayama, N., Katahira, K., Odani, M., Ito, Y., Hirata, Y., … Northoff, G. (2016). Post-response βγ power predicts the degree of choice-based learning in internally guided decision-making. Scientific Reports, 6, 32477. http://doi.org/10.1038/srep32477 [full text] [PDF] [Supplementary information]
  • Namba, S., Makihara, S., Kabir, R. S. Miyatani, M. & Nakao, T. (in press). Spontaneous facial expressions are different from posed facial expressions: morphological properties and dynamic sequences. Current Psychology.
  • Yu, B., Nakao, T., Xu, J., Qin, P., Chaves, P., Heinzel, A., Duncan, N., Lane, T., Yen, N., Tsai, S., Northoff, G. (2016). Resting state glutamate predicts elevated pre-stimulus alpha during self-relatedness - A combined EEG-MRS study on “rest-self overlap”. Social Neuroscience, 11, 249–263. doi:10.1080/17470919.2015.1072582  [summary]
  • Lipsman, N., Nakao, T., Kanayama, N., Krauss, J. K., Anderson, A., Giacobbe, P., Hamani, C., Hutchison, W. D.,  Dostrovsky, J. O., Womelsdorf, T., Lozano, A. M., and  Northoff, G. (2014). Neural overlap between resting state and self-relevant activity in human subcallosal cingulate cortex – Single unit recording in an intracranial study. Cortex, 60, 139-144 [summary]
  • Nakao, T., Matsumoto, T., Shimizu, D., Morita, M., Yoshimura, S., Northoff, G., Morinobu, S., Okamoto, Y., and Yamawaki, S. (2013). Resting state low-frequency fluctuations in prefrontal cortex reflect degrees of harm avoidance and novelty seeking: An exploratory NIRS study. Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience 7, 1-9.. [summary] [PDF]
  • Iida, S., Tanabe, H., Nakao, T., and Ohira, H. (2013). Modulation of Emotion by Cognitive Activity. Psychological Topics 22, 205-219.
  • Nakao, T., Matsumoto, T., Morita, M., Shimizu, D., Yoshimura, S., Northoff, G., Morinobu, S., Okamoto, Y., and Yamawaki, S. (2013). The degree of early life stress predicts decreased medial prefrontal activations and the shift from internally to externally guided decision making: An exploratory NIRS study during resting state and self-oriented task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7, 1-13. [summary] [PDF]
  • Nakao, T., Bai, Y., Nashiwa, H., and Northoff, G. (2013). Resting-state EEG power predicts conflict-related brain activity in internally guided but not in externally guided decision-making. Neuroimage 66, 9-21. [summary[Email for pdf]
  • Murakami, H., Nakao, T., Matsunaga, M., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., Yamada, J., & Ohira, H. (2012). The structure of mindful brain. PLoS One, 7(9), e46377. [full text]
  • Osumi, T., Nakao, T., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., Yamada, J., & Ohira, H. (2012). Amygdala dysfunction attenuates frustration-induced aggression in psychopathic individuals in a non-criminal population. Journal of Affective Disorders, 142, 331–338.
  • Nakao, T., Ohira, H., & Northoff, G., (2012). Distinction between externally vs. internally guided decision-making: Operational differences, meta-analytical comparisons and their theoretical implications. Frontiers in Neuroscience. 6, 1-26.  [summary][full text] [pdf]
  • Iida, S., Nakao, T.,  & Ohira, H. (2012). Prior cognitive activity implicitly modulates subsequent emotional responses to subliminally presented emotional stimuli. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 12, 337-345. [summary]
  • Nakao, T., Tokunaga, S., Takamura, M., Nashiwa, H., Hayashi, S., and Miyatani, M. (2012). Altruistic people show no self-reference effect in memory. Journal of general psychology, 139, 29-41. [summary[Email for pdf]
  • Iida, S., Nakao, T., & Ohira, H. (2011) Implicit attenuation of a subsequent emotion by cognitive activity. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience, 11, 476-484. [summary]
  • Nakao, T., Ohira, H., and Georg Northoff (2010). Decision making and the medial prefrontal cortex function in social context. Japanese Journal of Physiological Psychology and Psychophysiology, 28(1), 45-55. (In Japanese)[pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Osumi, T., Ohira, H., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., Yamada, J., & Northoff, G. (2010). Medial prefrontal cortex – dorsal anterior cingulate cortex connectivity during behavior selection without an objective correct answer. Neuroscience Letters, 482, 220-224.[summary[Email for pdf]
  • Northoff, G., Qin, P., Nakao, T. (2010) Rest-stimulus interaction in the brain: A review. Trends in Neurosciences, 33, 277-284.[summary[Email for pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Mitsumoto, M., Nashiwa,H., Takamura,M., Tokunaga, S., Miyatani,M., Ohira, H., Katayama, K., Okamoto, A., & Watanabe, Y. (2010). Self-knowledge reduces conflict by biasing one of plural possible answers, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 36, 455-469.[summary[Email for pdf] 
  • Nakao, T., Osumi, T., Ohira, H., Kasuya, Y. Shinoda, J., & Yamada, J. (2009). Neural bases of behavior selection without an objective correct answer. Neuroscience Letters, 459, 30–34.[summary] [Email for pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Takezawa, T., Miyatani, M., & Ohira, H. (2009). Medial prefrontal cortex and cognitive regulation. Psychologia, 52, 93-109. [summary] [Email for pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani, M., Nakao, M. Takezawa, T., Maruishi, M., Muranaka, H., & Doujo, H. (2009). Does the medial prefrontal cortex activity during self-knowledge reference reflect uniqueness of self-knowledge? Japanese Psychological Research, 51, 69–84.[summary] [Email for pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Takezawa, T., Shiraishi, M., & Miyatani, M. (2009). Activation of self-knowledge reduces conflict during occupational choice: An ERP study. International Journal of Neuroscience, 119, 1640–1654.[summary] [Email for pdf]
  • Ogata, A., Miyatani, M., Nakao, T., Shimazu, A., & Suzuki, S. (2008). Self-referent processing caused by anxiety: Effect on recall. Japanese Journal of Behavior Therapy, 34, 33-42. (in Japanese)
  • Nakao, T., & Miyatani, M (2007). Relation between self-knowledge reference and self-monitoring of emotional state. Japanese Psychological Research,49, 203-210. [summary] [Email for pdf]
  • Maruishi M, Miyatani M, Nakao T, & Muranaka H. (2007). Compensatory cortical activation during performance of an attention task by patients with diffuse axonal injury: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 78, 168-173.  [summary]
  • Nakao, T., Takezawa, T., Miyatani, M. (2006). Function of the medical prefrontal cortex: Benchmark hypothesis. Japanese Psychological Review, 49, 592-612. (in Japanese)  [summary(pdf)]  [Email for fulltext(pdf)]
  • Nakao, T. (2005). Does self-monitoring invoke other-knowledge reference process?  Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. III, Education and Human Science, 54.247-255. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Nakao, T. & Miyatani, M. (2005). Affective integration speeds trait processing. Psychological Reports, 97, 810-818.  [Email for pdf]
  • Nakao, T. & Miyatani, M. (2005). Self-reference in elaborative processing of desirability of trait adjectives. Psychological Reports, 96, 1055-1065.  [Email for pdf]
[Not refereed]
  • Nakao, T., Mitsumoto, M., Katayama, K., & Miyatani, M. (2007). Conflict related negativity like component during occupational choice: An ERP study. Hiroshima Psychological Research, 7. 11-18. (in Japanese)[pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani, M. (2004). Effective instruction pairing for memory enhancement: Self-reference instruction is useful in educational situation. Hiroshima Psychological Research, 4, 11-17. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani, M. (2004). Does other-referent process invoke evaluation process? Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. III, Education and Human Science, 53, 291-296. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Takezawa, T., Nakao, M., Nakao, T., Miyatani, M. (2004). An ERP study on the quantitative relation between conflict and response inhibition. Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. III, Education and Human Science, 53, 285-290. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani, M. (2003). Does affective process mediate self-reference effect? Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. III, Education and Human Science, 52, 291-296. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Nakao, M., Takezawa, T., Nakao, T. (2003). The effect of working memory load on event-related brain potentials during lexical decision task. Bulletin of the Graduate School of Education, Hiroshima University. Part. III, Education and Human Science, 52, 219-225. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Nakao, M., Miyatani, M., Takezawa, T., Nakao, T., Yoshida, Y. (2001). Event-related potentials in a categorical judgment of arrows indicating distinct and indistinct directions. Hiroshima Psychological Research, 1, 11-23. (in Japanese)  [pdf]
  • Miyatani, M., Nakao, T., Ohkawa, K., Nicholas, S. R. S., Takumi, K. (2001). An event-related potential study on memory search for color. Hiroshima Psychological Research, 1, 1-9. (in Japanese)  [pdf]

International Conference Presentations

  • Nakao Takashi, Kanayama Noriaki, Odani Misaki, Ito Yosuke, Hirata Yuki, Nasuno Reika, Hiramoto Ryosuke, Miyatani Makoto, Northoff Georg Post-response beta-gamma power predicts the degree of choice-based learning in internally guided decision-making. OR27-84-3. The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016), July 24-29, 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan. 
  • Nishimoto Mika, Miyatani Makoto, Nakao Takashi The conflict adaptation effect and response preparation: an Event-Related Potential and Lateralized Readiness Potential study. PS27P-02-23. The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016), July 24-29, 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan. 
  • Mizuochi Ryohei, Miyatani Makoto, Nakao Takashi Effects of frequency and independence of a single kanji on naming latency. PS27P-01-7. The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016), July 24-29, 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan. 
  • Miyagi Madoka, Mizuochi Ryohei, Yang Wanlu, Kashihara Shiho, Kobayashi Ryota, Hiramoto Ryosuke, Matsubayashi Haruko, Edahiro Misato, Miyatani Makoto, Nakao Takashi Personality trait of novelty seeking predicts the degree of choice-induced preference change. OR29-14-1. The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016), July 24-29, 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan. 
  • Namba Shushi, Miyatani Makoto, Nakao Takashi Dynamic Facial Displays as Detectors of Authentically Expressed Emotions. PS27A-05-11. The 31st International Congress of Psychology (ICP2016), July 24-29, 2016, Pacifico Yokohama, Yokohama, Japan. 
  • Nakao, T., Bai, Y., Nashiwa, H., and Northoff, G. Resting-state EEG power predicts conflict-related brain activity in internally guided but not in externally guided decision-making. The 17th World Congress of Psychophysiology (IOP2014) September 23-27, 2014 International Conference Center Hiroshima, Hiroshima, Japan. 
  • Toki, S., Okamoto, Y., Takamura, M., Kunisato, Y., Yamamoto, T., Nakao, T., Onoda, K., Yoshimura, S., Okada, G., & Yamawaki, S. The association between resting state networks and individual differences in personality traits. 28th CINP World Congress of Neuropsychopharmacology, June 3-7, 2012, Stockholm, Sweden. 
  • Nakao, T. Osumi, T. Ohira, H. Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., Yamada, J., & Northoff G. Medial prefrontal cortex - dorsal anterior cingulate cortex connectivity during behavior selection without an objective correct answer. The 15th World Congress of Psychophysiology (IOP 2010), September 1 - 4, 2010, Budapest Marriott Hotel, Budapest, Hungary.[pdf (abst)] [pdf (poster)] (International Journal of Psychophysiology, 77(3), p323, 2010).
  • Osumi, T., Nakao, T., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., Yamada, J., & Ohira H. A role of the anterior insula in altruistic punishment: An fMRI study using the ultimatum game and the dictator game. The 15th World Congress of Psychophysiology (IOP 2010), September 1 - 4, 2010, Budapest Marriott Hotel, Budapest, Hungary. (International Journal of Psychophysiology, 77(3), p324, 2010).
  • Iida, S., Ohira, H. Nakao, T. & Funahashi A. Automatic emotion regulation by cognitive task. The 15th World Congress of Psychophysiology (IOP 2010), September 1 - 4, 2010, Budapest Marriott Hotel, Budapest, Hungary. (International Journal of Psychophysiology, 77(3), p280, 2010).
  • Nakao, T., Osumi, T., Ohira, H., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J, & Yamada, J. Neural bases of behavior selection without an objective correct answer. The 49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR), October 21-24, 2009, Berliner Congress Center, Berlin, Germany  (Psychophysiology, 46, supplement1, 2009, S41 Poster71).[pdf (abst)] [pdf (poster)]
  • Murakami, H., Nakao, T., Matsunaga, M., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., Yamada, J., & Ohira, H. The structure of the Mindful brain. The  49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR), October 21-24, 2009, Berliner Congress Center, Berlin, Germany.  (Psychophysiology, 46, supplement1, 2009, S41 Poster73).
  • Osumi, T., Nakao, T., Ohira, H., Kasuya, Y., Shinoda, J., & Yamada, J.  Dual deficit in psychopathy: Neural correlates of psychopathic traits within social exchange. The 49th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR), October 21-24, 2009, Berliner Congress Center, Berlin, Germany. (Psychophysiology, 46, supplement1, 2009, S153 Poster154).
  • Murakami H, Nakao T, Matsunaga M, & Ohira H. Gray matter volume in the right insula is associated with mindfulness tendency. The 32nd Annual Meeting of the Japan Neuroscience Society. September, 16-18, 2009 at Nagoya Congress Center.
  • Nakao, T., Takamura, M., Mitsumoto, M., Nashiwa, H., Tokunaga, S., & Miyatani, M. The amplitude of conflict-related negativity (CRN) reflects degree of conflict during occupational choice. the 48th Annual Meeting of the Society for Psychophysiological Research (SPR), October 1-5, 2008 in Hilton Hotel, Austin, Texas, USA. (Psychophysiology, 45, supplement1, 2008, S105 Poster70)  [pdf (abst)] [pdf (poster)]
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani, M., Okamoto, A., Katayama, K., Mitsumoto, M., & Watanabe, Y. Activation of self-knowledge reduces conflict during occupational choice: An ERP study. Human Brain Mapping 14th Annual Meeting, June 15-19, 2008 in Melbourne, Australia. (NeuroImage, 41, Supplement1, 2008, S131).  [pdf (poster)]
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani, M., Nakao, M., Takezawa, T., Maruishi, M., Muranaka, H. & Dojo, H. Medial frontal activity during self-knowledge reference and self-monitoring. Human Brain Mapping 13th Annual Meeting, June 10-14, 2007 in Chicago, Illinois, USA. (NeuroImage, 36, Supplement1, 2007, S62)  [pdf (poster)]
  • Nakao, M., Takezawa, T., Nakao, T., Shiraishi, M., Yoshimura, N., Nashiwa, H., & Miyatani, M. The effects of working memory load on event-related brain potentials during lexical decision task. Second International Conference on Working Memory. Kyoto(Japan), August, 2004.
  • Nakao, T., & Miyatani M. When people aware their emotional state, they also think about own traits. Second International Conference on Working Memory. Kyoto(Japan), August, 2004.  [pdf (poster)]
  • Ogata, A., Miyatani, M., Nakao, T., & Shimazu, A The relation between anxiety and self-referent processing: Does anxiety trigger self-referent processing? The 4th World Congress of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. Kobe(Japan), July, 2004.
  • Nakao, T., Miyatani M., Maruishi, M., Muranaka, H., & Doujo, H. Self-reference process and MPFC activity: A fMRI study. 5th Tsukuba International Conference on Memory. Tsukuba(Japan), March, 2004

Research Funds

  • JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 25870467 (2013, April, 1st - 2016, March, 31th)
  • JSPS Postdoctoral Fellowships for Research Abroad(630) ( 2011, April, 1st- 2013, March, 31th)
  • Excellent Young Researchers Overseas Visit Program (2010, January, 1st  - 2010, October, 31st)
  • Grant-in-Aid for JSPS Fellows from Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) (20・821)  (2008, April, 1st -2011, March, 31th).
  • Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (19700246) (2007, April, 1st -2009, March, 31th).